March 24, 2020

Future Tools: BigBlueButton

Based out of Ottawa, BigBlueButton (BBB) was initially developed at Carleton University in 2008. It was designed to create a free and open source alternative to proprietary collaborative web conferencing, as well as easily integrate into other learning platforms and software.

Future Tools: BigBlueButton

Open source web conferencing learning platform

Learning in the midst of a pandemic is an intuitive if not necessary activity. I say intuitive, as I think most people are currently engaged in active attempts to learn about COVID-19, or government programs created in response, or just how to survive cooped up with family. I’m also seeing a lot of people learning how to work from home, or even learning how to learn at home.

These are all activities I suspect many of you are well versed in, yet we should not take for granted how broad the learning curve actually is. While we still don’t really have a sense as to how long this will last, we should plan for it to last at least two months, if not many more. That’s potentially a lot of opportunities to learn, to teach, and to share knowledge.

As a result there’s a lot of interest in learning platforms and learning technology. In this issue of Future Tools, let’s explore the BigBlueButton, a free and open source web conferencing system. (And a big thanks to Metaviews subscriber Mike Gifford for bringing it to our attention).

Based out of Ottawa, BigBlueButton (BBB) was initially developed at Carleton University in 2008. It was designed to create a free and open source alternative to proprietary collaborative web conferencing, as well as easily integrate into other learning platforms and software.

In 2009 the developers created a company called Blindside Networks, which provides hosting, support, and custom development, enabling BBB to remain free and open source, while also creating a professional ecosystem around it.

Since then the company and software has found success, generally not in isolation, but rather integrated into other products, like moodle, wordpress, or canvas.

While BBB is comparable to other virtual meeting or conferencing applications, it has a stronger focus on collaboration and learning. This involves features that focus on sharing, peer to peer engagement, and participant interaction.

Features include your typical audio, video, and chat, however it also includes breakout groups, emojis, polls, screen sharing, and multi-user whiteboards that allow people to draw or markup the screen together.

Here’s a good overview of the moderator or presenter interface and features:

Interestingly enough, as I’ve been writing this issue, the BBB website has been difficult to access. There’s clearly a growing interest in the software as schools and companies scramble to find remote work and remote learning solutions that are affordable and adaptable.

It is the adaptability that makes BBB so appealing. It can be integrated into your website, into your intranet, or into your app. Think of it as a utility that can be customized and bent to any organization’s needs.

It also has a nifty feature to record your session. Which also makes it a studio to create YouTube videos or podcasts.

Similarly the price is right. If you have decent tech literacy and appropriate curiosity you can install your own instance and host whatever meetings or classes you desire. If you want to pay Blindside Networks to do it, they’d happily take your money, and help you scale to server as many participants or students as desired. This kind of flexibility makes BBB a viable option.

Even for the US Department of Defense:

Yet another significant feature of BBB is that it is not spyware, and is not part of the broader surveillance industrial complex.

Of note, Zoom's attendee attention-tracking tool and its privacy policies make the tool ripe for exploitation.
Breathing down your neck — With bosses increasingly requiring their workers to turn to remote conferencing, Zoom gives administrators full power to track attendees' attention with an indicator that points out when a participant doesn't have the app "in focus" for more than 30 seconds. Privacy organizations like EPIC have previously criticized this tool in an official complaint to the Federal Trade Commission, noting that it bypasses browser security and gives access to users' web cameras without their knowledge.
Zoom's sketchy privacy policy — "Whether you have Zoom account or not," the company's privacy page states, "we may collect Personal Data from or about you when you use or otherwise interact with our Products." This includes, but is not limited to, your physical address, phone number, your job title, credit and debit card information, your Facebook account, your IP address, your OS and device details, and more.

Zoom has become quite popular in the last couple of weeks, and that’s partly what motivated this issue, since Future Tools is all about finding alternatives that provide similar functionality without the accompanying ideology.

We should not be legitimizing the already pervasive surveillance of students, but instead should embrace tools like BBB that foster interaction but still respect privacy.

Although sometimes it’s not a technology issue but a pedagogy issue or a result of how teachers choose to run their sessions:

As with all of our Future Tools issue, I’m sharing this knowledge with you in the hopes that you’ll explore it on your own, and let me or us know of your experience and thoughts.

Finally, here’s another video that provides an overview of BBB and how to get started: